Bicycle Bottom Brackets
Older style bottom brackets have solid shafts with square tapered ends. Both ends of the solid shaft have threaded holes allowing the cranks to be tightened down with a crank bolt. Older cranks must be removed with a crank remover.
Newer style bottom brackets often have larger diameter hollow shafts that have a number of splines (teeth-like grooves) on the end. The crank has splines to match the bottom bracket. Newer shafts are much stiffer and thereby more efficient at transferring energy from the left side to the right side drive train. They are also substantially lighter than older systems.
Because bottom brackets have different shell sizes for different types of bicycles, it is important fit a bottom bracket to allow for sufficient distance between the crank set and the frame. Note, too, that triple chainring cranksets use a longer bottom bracket spindle than double chainring cranksets.
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